What is gum tissue? What are the gum tissue diseases, infections? Information on gum tissue.
Gum Tissue; in anatomy, the pink tissue that surrounds the teeth. The gum, or gingiva, is made up of connective tissue and an overlying mucous membrane. It lies very close to the necks of the teeth and protects the deeper tissues from food particles, foreign bodies, and bacteria.
Diseases of the gums, such as gingivitis and pyorrhea, are the most common cause of tooth loss in people over 35. Among the common symptoms of such diseases are ulceration, swelling, bleeding, and soreness of the gums. However, these same symptoms may also be produced by pregnancy, menstruation, vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, anemia, and leukemia.
Gum boils (parulis) are the result of abscesses at the root ends of badly decayed teeth. The abscess-causing organisms gradually eat through the jawbone and produce boils on the surface of the gum tissue. Gum infections may also be caused by fungi and by the organisms that cause tuberculosis and syphilis.
The coloration of the gums may be affected by other types of disorders. Lead poisoning produces a bluish black line at the edges of the gums. Bismuth and silver poisoning cause similar lines. Addison’s disease usually produces bluish black patches on the gums.
***This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a doctor warning or recommendation.