What is Bioeconomy: Definition and Examples
What is the bioeconomy: simple definition
There are different authors who refer to the concept of bioeconomy and, depending on the case, the reference examples, which can be taken into account. However, in all cases, when talking about bioeconomy, is referring to an original idea, which is the management that makes the biology of natural resources. For the bioeconomy, ecosystems are the environments that must manage available resources in a similar way to what the human economy does. In both cases, individuals must manage the available resources.
However, a difference of what happens with the traditionally human economy, the biological economy of the ecosystems is articulated in a symbiosis model in which all the individuals of the ecosystem. In this way, it is about the cycles of the results of the media, as well as the means of communication of the economic activity.
The bioeconomy model starts from this reality and the human economy is an evolution more than the natural economy, but in this case, it must be reformulated so as not to count the monetary aspect, but in the set of elements for all the elements that make up its activity. That is, the effects that human economic activity has on the ecosystem must also be accounted for as part of the impact. Thus, the bioeconomic model aspires to reformulate the human economy in a way that is in symbiosis with the biological ecosystem as a whole, minimizing the impact on the environment and guaranteeing sustainable models over time through a responsible use of resources that you You need efficient reproduction of these resources.
The bioeconomy and the idea of progress
One of the fundamental elements of the bioeconomy is its conception of progress, radically opposed to the most classic idea of it. According to the traditional version of classical economics, progress must be understood from a purely Darwinian point of view. That is to say, the competition for the available resources will propitiate the survival of the strongest organisms, while the weakest will be eliminated and, therefore, expelled from the ecosystem.
On the contrary, the bioeconomy affirms that this Darwinian vision is insufficient, since, although in nature there is competition, it is really cooperation that guarantees the survival of organisms. In this case, the bioeconomy reformulates the original evolutionary theory of Darwin and establishes that the objective of life, indeed, is survival, but it denies the need that it should be carried out only through competition. On the contrary, it affirms that the organisms that have the greatest capacity for survival and evolution are not the strongest, but those that have the greatest capacity for cooperation both with their own species and with the ecosystem as a whole.
According to this vision, the most independent organisms, being also more isolated, are those that have a lower capacity to progress and, consequently, are those that will be eliminated and expelled from the ecosystem equation before. In this way, the bioeconomy considers progress as the ability to align with the ecosystem as a whole, understanding as a need for human progress that this is carried out within the biological world to which it belongs, not through separation or exploitation of the environment and the biological world.
Bioeconomy and sustainable development: examples
With all of the above, the bioeconomy is committed to models of economic activity that are sustainable in the long term, as well as models that can be inserted holistically in the environment and the ecosystem in which they are located.
A good example of bioeconomy or biological economy is grazing, which allows the development of a human economic activity at the same time that the work of cleaning the mountains is carried out through transhumance, or grazing in continuous movement. Another example would be crop rotation, which consists of alternating the type of plants that are sown in the same soil. This allows the soil in question does not run out and ends up being sterile, given that each plant has specific needs, the soil can be recovered without problems while still being useful in the economic activity in which it has been located. Likewise, the examples of the bioeconomy are not limited to the primary sector of the economy, but could also be found in models of sustainable tourism, waste management that would allow the creation of circular economy models, local and sustainable industries with the environment environment and with society, etc.
In fact, the bioeconomy could be applied to any economic activity, since its fundamental characteristic is the implementation of said economic activity but doing it within a holistic and symbiotic model with the rest of the ecosystem that surrounds it.