What Are Values? Values Definition and Examples
Values are the principles by which a person, a group or a society is governed. Values are abstract concepts, but they are manifested in qualities and attitudes that people develop.
In a society there are differences of values between different groups, according to social classes, ideological orientations, religion and generation.
Even a person can adopt different values at different times of his life.
Examples of values
Joy: having joy as a value implies a positive attitude even in the face of negative situations in life.
Altruism (generosity): altruism as a value is reflected in the disinterested search for the happiness of the other.
Learning: the ability to learn not only allows you to improve yourself and develop new skills, but also based on respect for the knowledge of others.
Self-control: considering self-control as a value implies developing the ability to control one’s own impulses. This can be beneficial for others when the impulses themselves are aggressive or negative in any other way.
Autonomy: those who consider that autonomy is a value, will try to fend for themselves and achieve the ability to make decisions without depending on others (independence). Autonomy is associated with freedom.
Capacity: to have ability or competence is to have developed certain skills. It is considered a value to choose participants of certain group tasks, including jobs. The skills are developed through learning and overcoming.
Charity: sharing what one has and others lacks. Charity is not only expressed through the material, but it can be shared time, joy, patience, work, etc. Therefore, it is not necessary to have many material resources to be charitable.
Collaboration: participate in collective efforts without taking into account the personal and individual benefit but the benefit for the whole group or the community.
Compassion: having compassion as a value implies not only being aware of the suffering of others, but also avoiding judging harshly the faults of others, considering the limitations and weaknesses that led to committing them.
Empathy: is the ability to understand the feelings and thoughts of others, the situation that other people go through, even if it is different from their own.
Effort: the energy and work involved in reaching objectives. It is associated with perseverance.
Happiness: the attitude that aims at the enjoyment of life. Taking it as a value instead of an objective or a state that depends on the circumstances, allows us to point to that attitude regardless of the situation of each person.
Fidelity: a value can be considered as the predisposition to follow the commitments followed with a person, a series of principles, an institution, etc.
Openness: is the expression of sincerity.
Justice: to consider justice as a value is to seek that each one receives what he deserves. (See: Injustices)
Honesty: who has value honesty not only avoids the lie but also his behavior is consistent with what he says and thinks. Honesty is associated with integrity.
Independence: the ability in different aspects of life to act and think without depending on others.
Integrity: the rectitude, the coherence with the own values.
Gratitude: recognize those who have given us help or have benefited us, even involuntarily.
Loyalty: is the development of a sense of responsibility towards the people and groups to which we belong.
Mercy: it is the attitude that leads to compassion for the suffering of others.
Optimism: optimism allows us to observe reality considering the most favorable possibilities and aspects.
Patience: the ability not only to wait but also to understand one’s own weaknesses and those of others.
Perseverance: is the ability to continue striving despite obstacles. It is associated with patience, but requires a more active attitude.
Prudence: those who believe that prudence is a value, take into account the consequences of their actions before carrying them out.
Punctuality: punctuality can be considered a value because it is a way of complying with what was agreed with other people. It is associated with respect and responsibility.
Responsibility: comply with accepted obligations.
Wisdom: wisdom can be held as a value to be reached, since it develops throughout life. It is the set of broad and deep knowledge that is acquired through study and experience.
Overcoming: those who have the improvement as a value try to improve themselves in different aspects of life, including the ability to be consistent with their own values. Overcoming is associated with learning.
Sacrifice: although the capacity for sacrifice depends on altruism and solidarity, at the same time it exceeds them. The sacrifice is not only to share or collaborate, but to lose something of one’s own and necessary for the good of others.
Simplicity: simplicity is not looking for the superfluous.
Sensitivity: the ability to connect with one’s own feelings and those of others. Sensitivity can also be associated with the ability to connect with art in its different forms.
Tolerance: having tolerance as a value implies accepting the opinions and attitudes of others, even if they go against one’s own values.
Service: the service can be considered a value as the ability to be available to others and be useful to them.
Sincerity: express one’s feelings and thoughts as they really are.
Solidarity: involves getting involved in others’ problems, collaborating with the solution. That is why it is associated with collaboration.
Will: is the attitude of trying to do certain things or achieve certain objectives.
Respect: is the ability to accept the dignity of others. In some cases, respect is associated with submission or distance.