What Are The Causes and Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure?


What is High Blood Pressure? What are the causes, symptoms, complications and prevention of High Blood Pressure? Information on High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, which is discussed in another section of this book, results when the heart has to pump harder to force blood through arterial openings that have narrowed for a variety of reasons. The effect on the heart is to enlarge it, particularly the left ventricle. And as a result of this enlargement, heart failure can result. Generally this heart disease affects both men and women over the age of 40. The age is significant because it is about this time when hypertension is more common. The disease is associated with a tense, driving personality.
The symptoms of this disease are detailed and illustrated in the accompanying Medi-Graph. It includes headache, dizzy spells, and constricted arterioles of the retina of the eye on doctor’s examination. There is shortness of breath, mid-chest pain, occasional palpitations of the heart, and swelling of the feet.

It should be noted that prolonged hypertensive heart disease usually ends with congestive heart failure. Older patients are more prone to coronary thrombosis, which is a blocking by a blood clot of one of the blood vessels that nourish the heart.

Whenever and wherever the heart fails to function adequately, complications can occur. A stroke results when the blood pressure is so high that ¿it causes rupture of one of the blood vessels of the brain (cerebral hemorrhage). Uremia follows when not enough blood circulates through the kidney to remove waste products.
In dealing with hypertensive heart disease the doctor directs treatment toward the high blood pressure itself. Associated complications are dealt with as they develop. Heart failure especially requires the prompt attention of a physician. There are effective drugs to control hypertension. Treatment can be prescribed by the doctor to delay the progression of the illness and allow the patient to function. It is well to follow the physician’s instructions regarding rest, maintenance of good health and well-being, lessening of tension, and the elimination or cutting down of smoking.

***This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a doctor warning or recommendation.

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