What is Bronchial Asthma? What are the causes, symptoms, complications and prevention of Bronchial Asthma? Information on Bronchial Asthma.
Bronchial asthma is an illness caused by the reaction of the bronchi to some irritating substance which the patient has inhaled. The attacks occur irregularly, and are marked by wheezing, cough, and shortness of breath. They usually follow exposure to air-borne pollen, animal hairs, house dust, fungi, or vegetable dusts. Many people are also allergic to their own infections.
Bronchial asthma is quite common, affects both sexes equally, and tends to run in families. When it is caused by a specific pollen, it occurs during the season of growth of that particular plant.
An attack of bronchial asthma is likely to start at night with a sudden shortness of breath and coughing. The exhaling of air becomes difficult and the patient gasps for breath. Sometimes by sitting up he can use his abdominal and neck muscles to breathe in air more easily. His wheeze is loud and plain to hear. His cough starts out dry but later produces large amounts of stringy mucus. In severe attacks he may become cyanotic, a condition in which the body turns blue because it is suffering from lack of sufficient fresh oxygen. Coma may result.
When the primary cause of an infection is identified, bacterial vaccines can be used with some success. Patients allergic to their own infections are sometimes successfully desensitized.
Medications for the prevention and treatment of this illness are available and will be prescribed by the physician.
***This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a doctor warning or recommendation.