Psychology is a science that involves the study of the human mind. There are several branches of psychology that deal with the varied forms of behavior and what it implies.
Psychology is often associated with the study that involves “reading minds.” While that is not entirely false, it is quite far from reality. An understanding of psychology, which is the study of the human mind and behavior, will allow a person to perceive a person’s thoughts. However, one can not predict the behavior of a subject since each person is different from the other.
However, psychology helps us to better understand human behavior and the psyche, so that we can understand why people behave the way they behave. However, psychology is not as widespread as it seems, and has, in fact, several branches that deal with the many facets of the human personality. In this following Buzzle article, we will analyze the various branches of psychology.
List of subdivisions in psychology
Abnormal psychology is the study of certain behavioral abnormalities in a person’s psyche. Like, neurosis, psychosis and mental retardation. Hypnosis and mesmerism are often used for treatment in this branch of psychology. Abnormal psychology is one of the most basic forms of study of psychology, and it is taught in Law and Human Resource Management studies as well.
Behavioral psychology is the most popular term used for behavioral neuroscience, or biopsychology or psychobiology. Study the mental processes and behavior patterns of humans and non-human subjects to assess the psychological state of an individual. The treatment in this branch of psychology is more physical, such as electrolyte injuries and chemical injuries. This branch of psychology deals with the physical functioning of the brain and its cells.
Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology that is the scientific study of the prevention, understanding and relief of problems based on psychology. Psychological evaluation and psychotherapy are the means of treatment used in this field of psychology. However, clinical psychology also emphasizes a lot in research, teaching, consulting, forensic testimony and program development and administration. It is also known as counseling psychology.
Cognitive psychology, one of the most recent branches, deals with the internal mental processes of thought, such as visual processing, memory, problem solving and language. It basically analyzes the functioning of the information processing of the brain. He studies concepts such as perception, aging, memory, emotions and decision making, etc.
Community psychology studies the psychology of individuals and the dynamics in a community. Study the concepts of diplomacy, etc., which are characteristic of community-oriented behavior. Study adaptation, succession and interdependence. Help a community to understand empowerment, social justice, citizen participation, etc. It is also known as critical psychology.
The psychology of development is the study of the systematic changes that occur in a human being and his psyche throughout life. He is also concerned about the development and care of early childhood. Each individual goes through certain changes during his life. The psychology of development is the branch of psychology that studies this progression and helps to better understand these changes, their causes and their effects.
Educational psychology is the branch of psychology that is used in educational institutions. These are learning disorders, “gifted” students, peer pressure, adolescence, sexual education in children, etc. Educational psychologists usually work as school counselors. Educational psychology is also known as school psychology. It is also useful in universities. Basically it focuses on student life.
Evolutionary psychology is the branch of psychology that studies the most primary psychological stimuli in human beings. Evolutionary scientists believe that, while it is quite natural for a human being to distinguish linguistic abilities, the same is not true for reading and writing. They are adaptation skills. It is also natural for a human being to evaluate the emotional state of another human being and the ability to recognize a relative from another.
Legal psychology is basically the same as cognitive and clinical psychology. However, a legal psychologist has to help in the criminal investigation process. This branch of psychology uses this understanding to judge the testimonies and statements of witnesses or victims, giving the investigation the extra boost it may need. Moreover, it works to understand a certain witness or the perception of the victim from the legal point of view.
Personality psychology is the branch of psychology that governs legitimate IQ tests and personality tests that are taken to better understand themselves. It is the branch of psychology that offers a complete image in front of an individual about himself. He also studies specific personality disorders such as narcissistic personality disorder, etc. It helps an individual to see himself in a more objective light.