List of European Union countries

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The “Birthday” of the European Union is considered on May 9, 1950. Annually, May 9 is celebrated as the Day of Europe.

The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in 1957 between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined in 1973, Greece in 1981, Spain and Portugal in 1986, in the following years many other countries have joined the Union. Today the EU is composed of 28 member countries.

It is not just an economic union, but the single market without borders for trade, with the single euro used by 19 member states of the euro zone. In addition, it is the political union with the parliament itself and other institutions. The Schengen Agreement signed in 1985 allows the free movement of citizens without passport controls at border crossings within the Schengen area.

Alphabetical list of countries of European Union (EU) with the accession dates

European Union

Country EU accession date Schengen Area member Eurozone member
A
Austria January 1, 1995 Yes Yes
B
Belgium March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
Bulgaria January 1, 2007 No No
C
Croatia July 1, 2013 No No
Cyprus May 1, 2004 No Yes
Czech Republic May 1, 2004 Yes No
D
Denmark January 1, 1973 Yes No
E
Estonia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
F
Finland January 1, 1995 Yes Yes
France March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
G
Germany March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
Greece January 1, 1981 Yes Yes
H
Hungary May 1, 2004 Yes No
I
Ireland January 1, 1973 No Yes
Italy March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
L
Latvia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Lithuania May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Luxembourg March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
M
Malta May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
N
Netherlands March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
P
Poland May 1, 2004 Yes No
Portugal January 1, 1986 Yes Yes
R
Romania January 1, 2007 No No
S
Slovakia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Slovenia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Spain January 1, 1986 Yes Yes
Sweden January 1, 1995 Yes No
U
United Kingdom January 1, 1973 No No

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