What is tip? The history of the custom tipping? Why do people tip, how much tip you should give?
Tip; a small gift of money for service, usually in addition to payment due.
The custom of tipping dates from at least the Roman era and more likely from the first use of coined money, but the origin of the word “tip” is obscure. It may derive from stipend, a corruption of the Latin word stips, meaning gift. Popular belief holds that tipping originated in 18th century England when the coffeehouse tables of Samuel Johnson’s London were equipped with coin boxes labeled To Insure Promptness. A coin dropped in the box was supposed to speed service. The coins came to be called by the first letters of the sign, T. I. P. or tip.
Tipping became prevalent in the American colonies, but after independence and the growth of pride in the young republic, the tip was often condemned as undemocratic and demeaning. Yet tipping persists in the United States and most other countries and in some instances is obligatory.
Travel entails much tipping. Most European hotels and restaurants add a service charge of about 10% to 20% to their bills, and many guests feel impelled to tip over and above this. Taxi drivers, waiters, and ship’s stewards all depend on tips for their livelihood.
Airlines have successfully prohibited tipping. Opponents of tipping point to this as proof that the custom of tipping can be eliminated. Efforts to eliminate it in Communist countries have been only partially successful.