Which flowers are hardy annual? Hardy Annual Flowers List and Care Instructions.
There are so many hardy annuals that it is impossible to make a list of all of them. Here, however, are the names of some which make a pretty display in the flowerbeds if they are sown in a sunny position.
The alyssum, sometimes called the madwort, is a small flower, three or four inches high, and its colours are white or lilac. It is generally sown to form the front of a bed or border.
Baby’s breath, as gypsophila is sometimes called, is a flower that grows a foot high in white, rose or crimson clouds, and it helps to make a vase look attractive by providing a back-ground for the other flowers. Some tinds are perennial.
Candytuft is an old favourite and grows in banks of plants, the white or purple heads of flowers against a mass of dark green leaves.
Cornflowers can be bought in white, mauve and pink varieties, as well as in the original blue. They sometimes reach a height of two-and-a-half feet, although there are also the smaller varieties known as dwarfs.
The Indian pink belongs to the genus Dianthus, which includes the carnations, and Indian pinks are among the most attractive hardy annuals to be found in gardens. They are about nine inches high, with patterns of red and white on their petals.
Love-in-a-mist is a plant with leaves like green net, almost as pretty as the large, pale blue flowers. It can grow to 18 inches high, a well known variety being called Miss Jekyll.
Love-lies-bleeding is an attractive plant with spikes of red or purple flowers. The purple variety is generally known as Prince’s Feather and is about three feet tall. There is a pretty dwarf variety called Pygmy Torch which has dark crimson flowers and grows to 18 inches.
The daisy like marigold, or calendula, is easily grown and provides a bright splash of colour in the garden with its orange, yellow or bronze petals. All varieties are about two feet high and will seed all over the garden.
Mignonette at first glance does not seem much of a plant to grow in a garden, as its yellowish-white flowers are very small, but it has a sweet fragrance and has been valued for this for years. It blooms from June to October and the ground must be made very firm for it.
Nasturtiums, which are gay flowers, can be grown as either climbing or dwarf plants. Dwarf varieties grow about nine inches high in poor soils; in richer soil they produce many more leaves but fewer, though bigger, flowers.
The poppy is a colourful flower for a garden, ranging from the scarlet flowers four inches across to the smaller Shirley poppies, which have double or single flowers of many colours. A fine crop of Shirley poppies will grow from one packet of seeds, but if they are allowed to seed themselves year after year the flowers will come up like the ordinary, single red poppies from which Shirley poppies were developed.
A very tall flower is the sunflower, and the Russian Giant may grow to 12 feet high, although the Dazzler and Excelsior varieties can be as short as 12 inches. They have heads like giant daisies and petals of yellow, orange and chestnut. Ali like a sunny position. Manykinds are perennials.
The sweet pea is one of the most popular hardy annuals, for it is fragrant and beautiful, besides producing more flowers the oftener it is cut. Sweet peas should be sown in the open in April, then the seedlings must be thinned out with six inches between each, and carefully fastened to stakes or to strings stretched across stakes when they get large enough.
The Virginian stock is a good flower for a border, as it is between 6 and 12 inches high, with many small flowers of lilac, rose red and white. Other plants often used as borders are tagetes, one kind of which is called the African marigold. These bright yellovv or orange flowers are sometimes planted with brilliant blue lobelias to make an edging.