Definition of Geophysics


What is the definition of Geophysics? Information about the definition of Geophysics.

Definition of Geophysics

The word geophysic is composed of Latin roots, “geo” which means “earth”, but the word “physis” which means “nature” and finally the suffix “ica” which refers to “relative to”. Geophysics is the science that deals with the study of the earth in terms of physical principles; its objective includes the study and investigation of the phenomena that are related to the structure, the history of the evolution of the planet earth and its physical conditions; It covers the investigation of the interior of the Earth, its hydrosphere and its atmosphere, encompassing phenomena such as gravity, electricity and terrestrial magnetism. The Royal Academy summarizes the meaning of geophysics as part of the geology that is responsible for the study of terrestrial physics as such.

Definition of Geophysics

This science, in particular, is concerned with examining natural phenomena and their relationship in the internal terrestrial world, among these are the heat fluxes, the terrestrial magnetic field, the force of gravity and the propagation of seismic waves; that for its study it uses physical quantitative methods such as the physics of reflection and refraction of mechanical waves, and a set of methods that are based on the measurement of gravity, of electromagnetic, magnetic or electric fields and of radioactive phenomena. Therefore, this science also studies the extraterrestrial phenomena, the manifestations of the cosmic radiation and the solar wind, that influence the Earth.

A geophysicist is in charge of analyzing the different behaviors of the earth among them, seismology, oceanography, volcanology, tsunamis, climatic changes, soil characterization, renewable energies, and many other phenomena or behaviors of the earth.

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