12 Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge
Scientific knowledge is the mental capacity that people have to formulate a set of ideas that have been obtained in an objective, rational, methodical and critical way.
Knowledge is the faculty and capacity that individuals have to think, to construct abstract ideas or concepts, as well as to construct a mental representation of something or someone.
Prior to scientific knowledge, human beings perform a set of basic thoughts, that is, simpler ones. But, when by means of these they do not manage to give answer to a restlessness or situation, it is come to realize the scientific thought, that is much more analytical, deep and of greater abstraction.
Therefore, scientific knowledge is a very important tool for the development of the human being, and whose most important characteristics are:
It is factual because it arises with the purpose of analyzing real events. Therefore, it clings to the experience to be able to determine reality more objectively.
Scientific knowledge is transcendent because it goes beyond the facts, makes a deep analysis and constant verification of the object of study.
It breaks down and describes each of the parts of the object of study in order to carry out a deep and critical analysis, as well as to understand the relationships or mechanisms that make up the object.
This type of knowledge seeks to give concrete and clear answers to avoid ambiguities or confusions.
It refers to the capacity for abstraction that is generated in the process of this thought, in order to be able to make real mental representations and facilitate their explanation. The symbolization allows to better represent the analogies and ideas. For example, the mathematical formulas.
Verification is determinant, impersonal and is achieved through observation and experience. The results obtained through scientific knowledge must be subjected to various tests to verify the results obtained.
The results obtained must be presented in such a way that anyone can understand and apply it. This content must be available to all people.
Scientific knowledge is carried out in a planned and organized manner in order to follow a series of steps and procedures in order to achieve results or conclusions that go from the general to the particular, as well as generate analogies.
It is predictive because it can explain the behavior or facts of the subject of study, which occurred in the past, occur in the present or that may occur in the future.
Scientific knowledge is constantly evolving. The objectives, methods and techniques are not definitive and can be modified over time. That is to say, it is not definitive, the validity of scientific thought will be maintained until new investigations are carried out that question its results.
Scientific knowledge seeks to contribute to society by providing knowledge and valuable tools that generate development in the human being after understanding various problems or events.
It is considered universal because scientific knowledge is fulfilled or carried out independently of time and space.